Quiz no 1. The early Twentieth Century

1. Which town in the Algarve was the national centre of cork production at the beginning of the twentieth century? Why did this town lose this prominence? (2)
São Brás; it had no railway, and could not export its product fast enough

2. In what year did the railway connection to VRSA open? When the first train arrived, the stationmaster greeted it in an old-fashioned way. How? (2)
1906; he treated the engine as he would a sweating horse, + covered it with a blanket

3. At the beginning of the 1900s there were two major employers in the canning industry in the Algarve. Who were they, and where were most of their factories? (4)
Sebastião Ramirez at VRSA; Júdice Fialho at Portimão

4. On 4th October, 1910, the NRP Adamastor shelled the royal Necessidades Palace. A future President of the Republic was an officer on this ship. Who was he? And in which town was he born? Why is the name Adamastor significant? (3)
Mendes Cabeçadas; Loulé; Adamastor, the monster created by Camões, personified the danger from the sea

5. Which Algarvian businessman was selected by the Provisional Government to in 1910 be Ambassador to Great Britain? He never married the mother of his children, Belmira das Neves; how old was she when they began to live together? (2)
Manuel Teixeira Gomes; 13 or 14

6. In what year did the first motor race take place in Portugal? Where was the start, and where was the finish? (3)
October 1902; Figueira da Foz, Lisboa

7. Who was the dictator who took power under D Carlos 1 in 1907? (1)
João Franco

8. On what date was the king assassinated? Two of his assassins were shot down at the scene. Who were they, and what organisation did they belong to? (4)
080201; Afonso Costa, Manuel Buiça; Carbonária

9. The 1910 Revolution took place during a state visit to Portugal. Who was the visitor? From where did he witness the fighting? (2)
Hermes da Fonseca, President of Brazil; from the Brazilian battleship, the São Paulo

10. When D Manuel II left Portugal for the last time on 5 October, 1910, where did he embark, and where did his boat first make landfall? (2)
Ericeira; Gibraltar